Ryan Nunn and Jay Shambaugh's analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's Management and Organizational Practices (MOPS) survey finds that management competence does not increase with firm age, and that small firms often lack the management skills necessary to help their firms grow. New Hamilton Project policy solutions would include more rigorous evaluation of management practices and strengthen entrepreneurship as a result.
Millions of Americans could lose their SNAP benefits if Congress adopts additional work requirements that mandate SNAP beneficiaries work at least 20 hours per week. Lauren Bauer and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach argue that work requirements will burden those already in the labor market, especially SNAP recipients who shift between full-time and part-time work due to labor market volatility.
Over the last three years, amid a strengthening labor market, the prime-age (25- to 54-year-old) labor force participation rate has increased. This blog post explores the forces driving this trend and the implications of this increase on the long-term trend in labor force participation.
To investigate the extent of exposure to additional work requirements for SNAP participants, we describe monthly employment stability and find considerable churn in the labor market across the 20 hours per week threshold proposed in the House Farm Bill. Over 16 months, between one in five and one in three adults 18-59 without young children at home could be exposed to sanction under the House work requirement proposal.
Food insecurity is associated with negative educational outcomes and declining physical health in children. In this blog post, Lauren Bauer documents the current state of food insecurity among families with children and offers policy solutions drawn from recent Hamilton Project reports.
SNAP purchasing power varies significantly with location, leaving some families vulnerable to food insecurity and negative child outcomes. In this blog post, Hilary W. Hoynes and James P. Ziliak argue for a geographic adjustment to the maximum benefit calculation in order to improve child health and reduce food insecurity.
A family getting by on $117,400 in San Francisco can now be considered 'low income', according to government figures. Jay Shambaugh and Ryan Nunn explain this phenomenon by breaking down the variation in earnings and cost of living across the U.S.
Lauren Bauer and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach provide an update on the state of food insecurity in the U.S., noting that despite economic growth across the country, food insecurity among households with children is still above its pre-recession level.
In this op-ed, Jay Shambaugh and Ryan Nunn describe the need for vigorous competition and more entrepreneurship in the U.S. economy and outline policies to spur new business creation and reduce market concentration.
An estimated 15.5 million U.S. workers have alternative arrangements for their primary employment—this includes independent contractors, on-call workers, temporary help agency workers, and workers provided by contract firms. Alternative work arrangements may on the one hand represent flexibility of the U.S. labor market; on the other hand, such arrangements may indicate insufficient labor demand. These new arrangements likely require different labor market institutions to protect workers as well as new data to properly understand the state of the labor market.
Matt Marx of Boston University and Ryan Nunn of the Hamilton Project describe the conditions under which non-competes are used and explain how current practices limit entrepreneurship, information flow, and worker mobility
Fellow Lauren Bauer breaks down why chronic absenteeism matters for all students, drawing on a new Hamilton Project strategy paper on school accountability under the Every Student Succeeds Act.
Limited college access is an issue that impacts students from a wide variety of backgrounds, including those from both rural and urban communities. In this op-ed, Hamilton Project Director Jay Shambaugh and University of Notre Dame Associate Professor Abigail Wozniak offer strategies to encourage geographic mobility at college entry and exit.
Revitalizing wage growth is crucial to raising living standards, yet U.S. wage growth has been disappointing both in recent years and over the last several decades. In this op-ed, Hamilton Project Director Jay Shambaugh and Policy Director Ryan Nunn outline several policy actions that could help lift wage growth.
Despite progress in recent years, women still face pay disparities in the labor market. In this blog, Hamilton Project Director Jay Shambaugh and Policy Director Ryan Nunn analyze the gender gap and present options for policies to reduce it.
The President’s 2019 budget contains a variety of proposals that would reshape policy and reallocate spending across various agencies and policy programs. As the nation debates the pros and cons of these proposals, it is imperative that they be informed by reliable data—data that is often collected and made freely available by the federal statistical agencies. In this blog, Hamilton Project Policy Director Ryan Nunn discusses the merits of sound federal data collection.
The recently released Trump Administration 2019 budget includes forecasts for economic growth that are substantially more positive than most private sector or other government forecasts. In this blog, Hamilton Project Director Jay Shambaugh assesses these forecasts.
The President’s 2019 Budget gives a prominent place to infrastructure policy, proposing $100 billion of matching funds to state and local governments, as well as $50 billion in funding for rural infrastructure and $50 billion in other spending. In this blog, Hamilton Project Policy Director Ryan Nunn assesses the Administration's budget proposal for infrastructure policy.
In President Trump’s 2019 budget, he proposes changes to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) that would significantly reduce the efficiency and efficacy of the program. In this blog post, Lauren Bauer draws on previous Hamilton Project research to make the case for increasing SNAP benefits and providing rebates on healthy food.
Late last week, Congress agreed to spend an additional $4 billion over the next two years on programs to improve college completion rates. "How should these resources be used?" asks THP author David Deming in this blog post on higher education, featuring research from his recent Hamilton Project policy proposal.
On January 30, 2018, President Donald Trump delivered his first State of the Union address. In his speech, President Trump highlighted the significant growth and progress of the U.S. economy during the last year. While a number of economic indicators are encouraging, many Americans have not benefited from this progress. In this blog, Hamilton Project Director Jay Shambaugh lays out several policy issues that have hampered broad-based economic growth.
In this op-ed, Hamilton Project Director Jay Shambaugh and Senior Research Assistant Becca Portman discuss the talent pipeline for STEM fields and how expanding the pipeline to more women and minorities could boost productivity.
In this op-ed, Hamilton Project Director Jay Shambaugh explores the characteristics of poverty in the United States.
In this op-ed, Shambaugh, Nunn, and Portman discuss the barriers that women face in the labor market, arguing that removing these barriers could improve women's lavor force participation, the quality of their labor market opportunities, both of which would contribute to economic growth.