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On December 6, The Hamilton Project at the Brookings Institution hosted a forum to explore the considerations that motivate employment support proposals and the merits of different approaches. It also examined the challenges and barriers facing low-wage workers who continue to find themselves either on the margins of the labor force or out of the labor force altogether.
In this framing paper, Ryan Nunn, Jimmy O'Donnell, and Jay Shambaugh evaluate the potential labor market impacts of several employment support policies, with particular attention devoted to a federal job guarantee. They conclude that while a job guarantee could lift employment rates and incomes for many participants, its effects on the currently employed and those out of the labor force are very uncertain.
Kriston McIntosh, Ryan Nunn and Jay Shambaugh of The Hamilton Project highlight select figures from a set of economic facts about the role of immigration in the U.S. economy.
In their new analysis, Jay Shambaugh, Ryan Nunn, and Jana Parsons explore the national trend of declining worker mobility and migration, particularly the lack of low-income workers and families moving to higher performing places.
As federal and state policymakers continue to seek solutions to bring more Americans into the workforce, such as imposing and expanding work requirements on millions of safety net participants, Lauren Bauer and Jay Shambaugh explore the question: just how many more safety net beneficiaries can reasonably be expected to return to the workforce and secure consistent work?
If the labor market is showing signs of strength, why is there nearly zero growth in wages after adjusting for inflation? In this commentary, Ryan Nunn and Jay Shambuagh identify four plausible explanations for slow wage growth.
Where people live in the United States is often a key determinant of their economic outcomes. This article explores the disparities that exist between counties, and considers place-based policies to support disadvantaged communities across the country.
This paper characterizes the types of individuals who would face work requirements in SNAP and Medicaid, describes what their work experiences are over a two-year period, and identifies the reasons why they are not working if they experience a period of unemployment or labor force nonparticipation. The analysis concludes that proposed work requirements would put at risk access to food assistance and health care for millions who are working, trying to work, or face barriers to working.
Immigration has wide-ranging impacts on society and culture, and its economic effects are no less substantial. This document provides a set of economic facts about the role of immigration in the U.S. economy, describing the patterns of recent immigration (levels, legal status, country of origin, and U.S. state of residence), the characteristics of immigrants (education, occupations, and employment), and the effects of immigration on the economy (economic output, wages, innovation, fiscal resources, and crime).
How are real incomes rising even as real wages are flat? Ryan Nunn and Jay Shambaugh take a closer look at outcomes over the past few years, and factors that play a role in determining the household income growth rate.
Where people live in the U.S. makes a big difference to their chances of enjoying a long and prosperous life. Kriston McIntosh, Ryan Nunn and Jay Shambaugh explain a "vitality index" developed by The Hamilton Project to explore—at county level—why some places thrive while others struggle.
On September 28, The Hamilton Project at the Brookings Institution hosted a forum to explore the most effective policy options to foster place-based policies for shared economic growth.