The price that households pay for water is highly variable across cities, even when controlling for the volume of water that different households use.
There is considerable regional variation in per capita domestic water use, which includes indoor uses (e.g., drinking, flushing toilets, preparing food, showering, and washing clothes and dishes) as well as outdoor uses (e.g., watering lawns and gardens and washing cars).
Almost 40 percent of California's freshwater withdrawals are used for the production of fruits, nuts, and alfalfa.
The fastest growing area of the country receives the least precipitation.
Solutions to the country’s growing water challenges lie, in part, with the development and adoption of new innovative technologies. Yet, in comparison to the clean energy sector, innovation in the water sector has remained low. Using the numbers of patents filed in clean energy and water purification as indicators, the clean energy sector has exhibited a much higher rate of innovation over the past decade.
When energy sources are priced, including the social costs – environmental degregation and health risks, different winners and losers come out than when prices are simply those shown at the pump.