Martha Bailey is a Professor of Economics at UCLA and a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Bailey’s research focuses on issues in labor economics, demography and health in the United States within the long-run perspective of economic history. Her work has examined the implications of the diffusion of modern contraception for women’s childbearing, career decisions, and the gender gap in wages. Her recent projects examine the short and long-term effects of Great Society programs. She has written numerous articles and co-edited two books, Legacies of the War on Poverty and A Half Century of Change in the Lives of American Women. Bailey leads the NSF-funded Longitudinal, Intergenerational Family Electronic Micro-data (LIFE-M) project and the Michigan Contraceptive Access Research and Evaluation Study (M-CARES) and currently serves on the editorial board of the American Economic Review and as an editor at the Journal of Labor Economics.